Pearls have always aroused great charm and interest. Their history and their origin have been the protagonists since the dawn of times of stories and anecdotes. From art to poetry, pearls travel through time becoming an object of mystery, a talisman of happiness, a symbol of love, power and purity.
A gem from the sea that comes to life inside a shell building its splendor by itself. A fascinating process that takes time and care. A gift from nature, ready to be worn and admired in all its splendor.
In gemmology, the pearl is defined and classified as a colour gem of organic origin composed mainly of calcium carbonate which is formed in some types of seawater oyster and in some freshwater shells. The former are pearls from Japan, Australia and Tahiti (whose oysters of the PINCTATA family are Fucata Martensii = Akoya, Maxima and Margaritifera respectively) while the latter are from the lakes and inland waters of China and Japan.
To choose a quality pearl, the fundamental evaluations must be made respecting six criteria:
-Form:pearls can have different shapes according to the creation process and the origin. The most common forms are classified: spherical, oval, drop, button, baroque and fantasy.
-Dimensions: the value of a single pearl or a string of pearls directly depends on the size. The relative parameters are detected with precision gauges and data in millimeters.
-Color: the colour of a pearl is observed considering the base color and the nuance. The base varies from white, pink, cream, yellow and green.
-Structure: the presence of imperfections on the surface of the pearl due to natural causes, such as chapping, ribs, sinking, small reliefs etc. is visually assessed consequently, pearls are classified into regular, slightly irregular, irregular or very irregular.
-Orient: the orient of a pearl is made up of the set of fundamental optical phenomena such as dispersion, reflection and refraction of light that affect the layers of pearls.
– Pearl layer: the pearl layer indicates the thickness of the various layers that were formed during the layering of the pearl and its evolution.
Pearls are delicate and therefore require some fundamental precautions that we want to share and suggest to keep their beauty intact over time. Here are some practical tips to take care of your pearls:
- Place the pearls in a silk, cotton, suede or wrapped in a soft fabric. Contact with other jewels, precious stones with a higher degree of hardness, sharp objects or metal edges can indelibly damage the surface of the pearls.
- Do not use lacquers, perfumes or cosmetics in direct contact with pearls. All acidic and aggressive substances alter its brightness. For the same reason they should not be worn when doing sports because sweat causes the same chemical reaction.
- Every year we recommend a check on the condition of the pearls and any wire to ensure that the jewel is in excellent health.
These are just some of the aspects that concern the fascinating world of pearls and its jewels. And it is precisely the desire to make this great passion known and shared that leads us to organize workshops and events dedicated to them.